Imperialismo Computacional. Recopilación de enlaces, diciembre de 2015 (1).

A continuación 14 puntos de interés sobre estas temáticas recopilados en los últimos meses. Entre ellos algunos que señalan que algunas de las promesas de internet se quedan cortas en la realidad y que posiblemente, determinados modelos estén en crisis.

1. La revolución de la robótica.

2. Los inicios de la mayor empresa de drones.

3. ¿ Como compatibilizar la supuesta revolución que está suponiendo el imperialismo  computacional, el desempleo tecnológico y la bajada en la productividad (entiendo que media) ? Una conferencia de Larry Summers.

No lo he leído pero el planteamiento del problema tiene buena pinta.

Extracto.

Without believing that the era of The Jetsons has already come, it seems hard to believe that the fact that you move through an airport with much less contact with ticket takers, the fact that you can carry on all kinds of transactions with your cellphone, the fact that you can check out of an increasing number of stores without human contact, the fact that robots are 4 increasingly present in manufacturing, all it seems to me makes a fairly compelling case that it is hard to think about what is a major development in our economy, increasing dis-employment without thinking about technical change. And yet, if technical change is a major source of dis-employment, it is hard to see how it could be a major source of dis-employment without also being a major source of productivity improvement. In part, if the technology is replacing people that means that productivity should be expected to go up at least if you measure simple labor productivity. And if more of that is happening than used to be happening, then you would expect productivity to be rising more rapidly than it used to be rising.

4. THE RACE BETWEEN MAN AND MACHINE: IMPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY FOR GROWTH, FACTOR SHARES AND UNEMPLOYMENT | 2015. Restrepo y Acemoglu.

Abstract. 

The advent of automation and the simultaneous decline in the labor share and employment among advanced economies raise concerns that labor will be marginalized and made redundant by new technologies. This paper examines this proposition in a task-based framework wherein tasks previously performed by labor are automated, more complex versions of existing tasks can be created, and in these new tasks labor tends to have a comparative advantage. We fully characterize the structure of equilibrium in this model, showing how the allocation of factors to tasks and factor prices is determined by the available technology and the endogenous choices of firms between capital and labor. We then demonstrate that although automation tends to reduce employment and the share of labor in national income, the creation of more complex tasks has the opposite effect, and both types of innovations contribute to economic growth. Our model endogenizes the direction of research and development towards automation and the creation of new complex tasks. Endogenous technology is consistent with a balanced growth path in which both types of innovations go hand-in-hand. More importantly, our analysis shows that the equilibrium self-corrects: an increase in automation reduces the wage to rental rate ratio, which discourages further automation and encourages greater creation of more labor-intensive tasks. This process restores the share of labor in national income and the employment to population ratio. Though the economy is self-correcting, the equilibrium allocation of research effort is not optimal. Automation is attractive to firms because it reduces wage payments. To the extent that wages reflect quasi-rents for workers, firms will engage in too much automation. Finally, we extend the model to include workers of different skills. We find that inequality increases during transitions, but the self-correcting forces of the economy limit the increase in inequality over longer periods.

5. Sobre el mercado de trabajo en el sector TIC.

Relacionado. Silicon Valley atractor de talento.

6. Las startups en España.

7. E-commerce en España. ¿ La eterna promesa ?.

Ver también.

8. ¡¡ Cuidado con el Wifi !!.

9. Tecnológicas, agencias y cloud.

Assange sostiene que la mayoría de las interceptaciones de la NSA (Agencia de Seguridad Nacional) vienen de su cooperación con Google, Facebook y otras grandes firmas tecnológicas de EEUU. “La NSA simplemente clava sus colmillos en estas organizaciones de Silicon Valley y chupa toda la información”.

10. SAP y el cloud.

SAP es la principal empresa de software europea. Su sector es el software de gestión y como muchas otras empresas están apostando por el cloud. ¿ Tienen infraestructuras ?.

11. ¿ Desaparecerán el teclado y el ratón ?.

12. Yahoo, noticias preocupantes para los usuarios de sus servicios…

Como yo. Veo un futuro (no muy lejano) conflicto con Yahoo…Personalmente sentiría que desapareciese esta empresa, al margen de ser usuario o no.

13. …y los problemas de Twitter.

¿ De estos dos últimos puntos se deben de sacar conclusiones sobre el estado del sector tecnológico, de internet ?.

Una respuesta to “Imperialismo Computacional. Recopilación de enlaces, diciembre de 2015 (1).”

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