Trade Lane Megacities. Recopilación de enlaces julio 2015, 2.

1. Ancient ports.

Este sitio web sobre los puertos de la Antigüedad merece un estudio en profundidad.


This web site presents work done to collect, identify and locate ancient harbours and ports. It is based on a study of existing documentation. The result is a list of around3400 ancient ports based on the writings of 66 ancient authors and a few modern authors, incl. the Barrington Atlas. A few “potential ancient harbours” from a nautical point of view, have been added, based on nautical guides/pilots used by modern sailors.

If you are looking for the location of a specific port, use the search engine (top right of this page) that will lead you to the page where this port is mentioned. If you are uncertain about the spelling, you may enter just the part of the name you are certain of into the search engine.

2. La navegación del Mediterráneo (la ruta Egipto-Creta) en el Bronce.

Nos hemos preguntado por la posibilidad de ésta Ruta en otras entradas y habíamos concluido que no era posible en el Bronce, ni siquiera en el Hierro. En ésta tesis argumentan lo contrario, lo cual nos sorprende.

Bronze Age Sailors in the Libyan Sea: Reconsidering the Capacity for Northward Voyages between Crete and North Africa, Michelle Creisher, Brandeis University, May 2015[Link]

“This thesis re-examines the factors which would have allowed for the possibility of a direct northward trade route between the North African coastal ports and Crete during the Bronze Age. The subject has been the topic of much scholarly debate over the years with various features being hailed as sticking points for any model of a two-way trade system in the Libyan Sea in the second millennium B.C. This paper offers a systematic discussion of each of the three major factors which have been purported by scholars as prohibiting northward voyages: the patterns and characteristics of the winds in the Mediterranean Sea, Bronze Age ship technology and the sailing techniques and practices of the time and finally, the physical evidence, both literary and archaeological, which supports a bi-directional theory.”

Through the discussion laid out in this paper, one can see that in fact, the ship technology would have allowed for sailing northward from the North African coast to Crete both with the aid of an opportune southern wind and without. There are written records of such voyages having taken place, as well as a small amount of archaeological evidence which supports the model of two-way trade between Egypt and Crete. Especially during the Late Bronze Age, it is v clear that certain ships would have opted for the shorter, more direct route of sailing northward in the Libyan Sea towards Crete rather than taking the longer route up along the Levantine coast towards Syria-Palestine and around.

3. Eurovelo. La red de autopistas para bicicletas europea.

No la conocía. Una de las más largas de la red va desde el Atlántico hasta el Mar Negro.

4. Krugman sobre Puerto Rico. 

Clearly, Puerto Rico’s troubles run much deeper than government debt, and there has been a lot of discussion about its underlying economic weakness. However, not much of the discussion seems to ask what seems to me to be an obvious question: what, exactly, should an economy in Puerto Rico’s position be doing?

La pregunta del millón, no sólo con respecto a Puerto Rico sino con respecto a cualquier punto del planeta. Nosotros mismos nos lo hemos preguntado sobre la zona de Algeciras. ¿ Hay alguna manera objetiva de medir el potencial económico de un punto / área geográfica ?

Puerto Rico, however, has none of these. It doesn’t have a special skill complex. Its wages are low by mainland standards, but not that low (and as I’ll argue in a moment, can’t go that low). And while it’s close to the mainland as the crow flies, it’s fairly slow and expensive to ship things in and out. In a fundamental sense, it’s not that easy to see why there should be a sizable economy on that island in that location.

Put it this way: if a region of the United States turns out to be a relatively bad location for production, we don’t expect the population to maintain itself by competing via ultra-low wages; we expect working-age residents to leave for more favorable places. That’s what you see in poor mainland states like West Virginia, which actually looks a fair bit like Puerto Rico in terms of low labor force participation, albeit not quite so much so. (Mississippi and Alabama also have low participation.)

5. How Los Angeles Is Becoming a ‘Third World’ City.

Entiendo que no es un calificativo  peyortivo sino que hablan de rasgos sociológicos.


Libro de David Reiff. 1992.

6. Historia de los Centros Productores de alfombras en Armenia.

7. Un par de informes sobre la Banca islámica.

El primero, más macro.

El segundo, más micro, contiene ranking de entidades. Destacan las entidades de Irán.

8. Libros de viajes en la Edad Media.

Una recopilación de libros de viajes en la Baja Edad Media. Algunos nombres bien conocidos (Polo, Clavijo, Tafur) y otros menos. Se incluye un género curioso, hoy desaparecido: viajes a un destino incierto, el Más Allá.

Título. Libros de viaje en la península ibérica durante la Edad Media. Bibliografía.

Enrique García Sánchez

RESUMEN: Bibliografía sobre el género de libros de viaje, en su sentido más amplio, aparecidos en la Península Ibérica medieval, y en el ámbito lingüístico de las lenguas romances. También se incluyen las traducciones de libros de viaje surgidos en otros países, realizadas durante el mismo período.

La restricción a las lenguas romances excluye al género islámico rihla o literatura de viajes (por ejemplo Ibn Battuta) y judío (por ejemplo Benjamín de Tudela).

9. Frente Occiriental: el paso de Bahçe.

También llamado puertas de Amanus o puertas Armenias.  Se sitúan al norte de las puertas Sirias sobre las que hemos hablado en otras entradas y son uno de los dos pasos accesibles que unen Cilicia con Siria.



10. Frente Occiriental: los mardaitas.

El enlace lo es a la entrada de wikipedia en francés, la más informativa.



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