Desarrollo. Recopilación de enlaces, junio 2015,1.

1. Racionalidad homeostática. Sobre el nervio vago.

¡¡ Un artículo realmente

interesante !!. (lo que leí, que no ha sido todo).

Título. Hacking the nervous system

Resumen. One nerve connects your vital organs, sensing and shaping your health. If we learn to control it, the future of medicine will be electric.

2. La sociología española.

Es un texto de Adolfo Posada de 1899. Habla de precursores y más en profundidad de algunos de sus contemporáneos.

3.  El lapo azul. Libro: El origen judío de Góngora

Autor: Enrique Soria Mesa. 2015.

Me han pasado el enlace y el libro podría ser de interés para algún lector del blog. Creo que no hace falta explicar quien es Góngora, poeta universal:

Cómo Séneca, Lucano y Averroés,

así también Zaydun y Maimonidés,

además de romano, judío o árabe…¡¡ cordobés !!.

Sí, el acento de los dos filósofos universales es incorrecto; así es la poesía🙂. Lucano y Zaydun son otros dos poetas destacados, seguramente más el segundo que el primero. Los otros no necesitan presentación.

En realidad el resultado no está basado en genealogía genética sino documental. El autor es un historiador español serio (es director del Laboratorio de Estudios Judeoconversos, curioso nombre,  y especialista de historia de las élites y minorias sociales en la España moderna) y seguro que si afirma lo que aparece en el título del libro, se basa en una genealogía documental bien armada. Por lo visto Góngora fue de este origen por varias líneas, aunque desconozco si la paterna está incluida o no. También desconozco si tuvo descendientes o colaterales que los tuviesen y si se podría confirmar el dato con la genética hoy.

P.s. Precaución: una genealogía documental más o menos completa en línea masculina no es garantía de nada, pero si las lineas son muchas, poco queda que objetar.

4. La banca multilateral de desarrollo, en cuestión.

Are the traditional MDBs in trouble ?.

Si mueren, será de éxito.

5. Sector Público. La (excesiva) regulación en EEUU.

Título (de la  entrada de blog). Is regulatory reform a hopeless cause ?

Extracto.

A particularly confounding and central feature of modern American government is the administrative state. Executive branch agencies issue a few thousand rules per year that have the effect of law. The Code of Federal Regulations, the corpus of standing federal rules, runs nearly 175,000 pages. And this says nothing of the various guidance documents agencies issue to those whom they regulate, and the substantial body of regulatory case law produced by both agencies and the judiciary. One can be forgiven for wondering, as Murray does, if Congress remains our nation’s primary lawmaking body.

Relacionado. Hablan del último libro del siempre polémico Charles Murray.

Libro. By the People: Rebuilding Liberty Without Permission (Crown Forum, 2015),

Extracto.

In short, no, although the reader of Charles Murray’s new book might come away with that conclusion. In By the People: Rebuilding Liberty Without Permission (Crown Forum, 2015), Murray paints a dispiriting picture of the modern American state. The U.S. Constitution established a limited federal government within a federal system. The 10th Amendment encapsulates their vision: “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.” Until the Progressive Era, the federal government remained small. A large standing army, a bugbear of the Founders, did not exist before the 20th century.

Now, Murray laments, we have a “leviathan” that spends $3.4 trillion per year, and is huge beyond comprehension. Consider: “As of 2013, three undersecretaries reported to the Office of the Secretary of Energy. Combined, those three undersecretaries ran 29 separate offices… In addition, the heads of 15 other offices report directly to the Office of the Secretary. That’s 44 entities.” One senses that Murray’s head nearly exploded when he clicked on one of the bureaus and found it had five divisions and 37 sub-offices.

6. La plataforma de blogs de la Brookings Institution.

Ya hemos recomendado otras plataformas que seguimos: Theory of Computing Blog Aggregator, Econacademics Blogs, Naukas y posiblemente otras que ahora no recuerdo.

En esta ocasión recomendamos ésta nueva plataforma con múltiples temas que nos interesan.

7. Una entrevista al director de Agricultura del Banco Mundial.

8. ALT-M. Un blog para un sistema monetario alternativo (promovido por el instituto CATO).

Presentación.

Welcome to Alt-M, a blog devoted to exploring and promoting ideas for an alternative monetary future. Our goal is to reveal the shortcomings of today’s centralized, bureaucratic, and discretionary monetary arrangements, and to bring serious consideration of real alternatives to the center stage of current monetary and financial reform debates.

Alt-M.org is a joint project of the Cato Institute’s Center for Monetary and Financial Alternatives and the Liberty and Privacy Network’s Center for Financial Privacy and Human Rights.

9. Debate (a dos) sobre bitcoin. 

Will Bitcoin’s Fixed Money Supply Be Its Downfall?

Siempre he pensado que este era uno de sus principales problemas. Es más, al saber que la oferta monetaria era fija perdí el interés y dejé de profundizar en esta nueva moneda.  Ya se probó y abandonó un sistema parecido.

Extracto (del  que argumenta en contra).

As economies grow, so does their real demand for money. Consequently, either the quantity of money units must keep up, or prices must decline to make existing units worth more.

To say this isn’t, I hasten to add, to suggest that bitcoin can play no important part in our monetary future. First of all, it may long continue to play a part, and perhaps an increasingly important one, as a secondary or “parallel” one, without ever displacing dollars as primary or “standard” money. As a means of making foreign remittances, for example, its superiority is already well established. More importantly, though bitcoin is thus far the most successful cryptocurrency, it is hardly the last word.

A ver si tras leerlo me convence el que argumenta a favor de bitcoin (que tiene un blog en su defensa, y por cierto no es economista…y tampoco estoy afirmando que haya que serlo para dominar los temas monetarios).

10. Universalización del acceso a los servicios financieros.

Extracto.

Just three years ago, the World Bank estimated that 2½ billion adults (15 years and above) had no access to modern finance: no bank deposit, no formal credit, and no means of payment other than cash or barter. Stunningly, the Bank now estimates that even as the global population has increased, the number of “unbanked” has dropped by 20 percent. Between 2011 and 2014, 700 million adults have gained at least basic financial access via banks or mobile phone payments systems.

This spectacular progress is clearly welcome. The rise of “financial inclusion” – the access by lower-income households to banks and the payments system – is near the top of the list of transformational global technological advances that governments are encouraging. Few consumer products have ever diffused so rapidly, especially among the world’s poor.

Por vías a veces insospechadas.

In the 21st century, banks are no longer the only providers of access to the payments system. Mobile phone companies are competing actively to facilitate transactions in much of the emerging world, especially where bank branches are few and far between. While their impact so far is modest overall (only 2 adults out of 100 have mobile phone payment accounts), they are transforming the payments mechanism in some of the world’s poorest regions. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, 12 out of 100 adults use their mobile phones to access the payments system.

Relacionado. Los bancos crearán una plataforma común para los pagos por móvil. En España.

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