Trade Lane Megacities. Ruta del Norte: la naviera MOL utilizará esta ruta a partir de 2018.

Joer, recientemente está habiendo noticias en todos los frentes las rutas🙂.

Estoy preparando un catálogo de puertos Postpanamax para publicarlo como entrada y me encuentro una relevante noticia sobre la Ruta del Norte por el camino. También un artículo de análisis sobre ella.

1. La naviera es japonesa, Mitsur Ostk Lines Ltd y transportará gas natural desde la Peninsula de Yamal (en la imagen marcada con un ovoide rojo) en Rusia hasta Europa. No se espera que la  ruta esté libre de hielos y por ello los buques serán rompehielos.

RUSMAP

Extracto.

Un vocero de la naviera nipona recordó que en función de la creciente fusión del hielo marino por causa del calentamiento global, la ruta del Océano Ártico – que es la más corta entre Europa y Asia- se ha comenzado a abrir en los últimos años.

El portavoz agregó que está previsto que los rompehielos-gaseros transporten GNL a Europa a través de esta ruta durante todo el año, mientras que para llegar a Asia, solo podrán hacerlo entre los meses de julio y noviembre.

La nueva ruta a través del Ártico permitirá el viaje Yamal-Europa en alrededor de once días. En tanto el viaje hacia el Noreste de Asia, incluido Japón, tomará unos 18 días.

yamal_LNG

2. El artículo de análisis sobre la Ruta del Norte.

En la imagen como serán estas supuestas ruta entre 2040 y 2059, según los autores de la UCLA.

The fastest navigation routes for vessels seeking to cross the Arctic Ocean by 2050 include the

–Northwest Passage,

–the North Pole and

–the Northern Sea Route.

Credit: University of California, Los Angeles.

shipping_lanes_map_for_2040-59-prv

Rotterdam, ahora uno delos principales puertos globales, seguirá estando bien posicionado cuando se abra esta ruta.

Extractos.

The study reveals that ordinary vessels should be able to travel easily along the Northern Sea Routeand the easiest time would be in September, when annual sea ice cover in the Arctic Ocean is at its thinnest level.

A total of 46 voyages successfully crossed the Northern Sea Route in the summer of 2012.

By 2050, the Northwest Passage will be navigable to make the trip from the North American east coast to the Bering Strait in 15 days, compared to 23 days for the Northern Sea Route, about a 30% time saving.

The Northwest Passage is currently used only one out of seven years on an average, which is not feasible for commercial shippers.

As of now, the Northwest Passage is the most direct route from Asia to eastern Canada and the north-east US.

3. Obviamente lo que va a hacer la naviera MOL no es el primer intento.

En la imagen otra visión de la  Ruta del Norte (enlazando con la Central) extraída del enlace. Parece que la convención ya está establecida: Central en rojo y norte en azul….

northern sea route.jpg

4. Ni obviamente yo he sido el primero en escribir sobre esto. El enlace lo es a un estudio en profundidad por parte de un profesor japonés titulado

Título: The Northern Sea Route. The shortest sea route linking East Asia and Europe

This book is the English-language version of “Hokkyokukai Koro”, an instructional report originally written in Japanese about research on the Northern Sea Route. In the Japanese version, an abridged bibliography was provided to avoid burdening the Japanese reader. This English version is faithfully translated from the Japanese and therefore the provided bibliography is not in accordance with prevailing English-language convention.

Y otro estudio más reciente.

Commercial Shipping on the Northern Sea Route

Over the past eight decades the ice-infested sea route along the Russian Arctic coast has been steadily developed. Massive resources, including nuclear-powered icebreakers, have now enabled regular navigation. The western portion is kept open all year and there are through voyages between the Atlantic and the Pacific for three or four months annually. The sea route is part of an overall transportation system. Development has concentrated on transporting Siberian raw materials and delivering goods from other parts of the country to coastal ports and the great Siberian river arteries. It is the rivers which in fact carry the bulk of cargoes to the northern coast, although navigation is also seasonal. The use of the Arctic Ocean as a short-cut between Europe and Asia/North America has until now been limited. Recent political and economic changes in Russia have altered official attitudes about international use of the sea route; the authorities are currently encouraging foreign interest in shipping across the top of Eurasia.

In legal and geographic terms there is an important distinction between the Northeast Passage and what the Russians term the Northern Sea Route. The Northeast Passage is the route linking the Atlantic and Pacific via the various seas to the north of Russia. From a legal perspective it is governed by international law, treaties, and coastal state legislation consistent with international law. By contrast, the Northern Sea Route, shown in figure 1, has until now been an internal Russian trade and shipping route, stretching from the straits linking the Barents and Kara Seas in the west to the Bering Strait in the east. For practical purposes navigation of the Northeast Passage is accomplished using the Northern Sea Route. This article will examine commercial shipping on the route by examining four topics: obstacles to navigation; the development of shipping; the way in which the river and coastal systems complement each other; and interest in promoting the route as a competitor to the traditional links via Suez and Panama between the Atlantic and the Pacific.

Una presentación que muestra el punto de vista ruso: The  Navigation on the North Sea Route today and in the future.

Y finalmente un artículo en Port Technology, en su edición 55 (¿2011?) titulado The Future of Artic Shipping.

Terms and conditions: 1. Any commenter of this blog agrees to transfer the copy right of his comments to the blogger. 2. RSS readers and / or aggregators that captures the content of this blog (posts or comments) are forbidden. These actions will be subject to the DMCA notice-and-takedown rules and will be legally pursued by the proprietor of the blog.

Introduce tus datos o haz clic en un icono para iniciar sesión:

Logo de WordPress.com

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de WordPress.com. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Imagen de Twitter

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Twitter. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Foto de Facebook

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Facebook. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Google+ photo

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Google+. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Conectando a %s


A %d blogueros les gusta esto: