Batallas IP. Déjà vu.

Sí, alguien lo vio,  aunque ya no esté aquí para contarlo.

Lo que está pasando actualmente con la propiedad intelectual no es nuevo. Ya pasó con otros tipos de bienes más tangibles, cómo por ejemplo la tierra y sus productos. Efectivamente, hubo un tiempo, sobre el que en realidad tenemos muy poca información, sea directa o indirecta, en el que seguramente los derechos de propiedad sobre la tierra y otros recursos naturales y sus productos, que hoy nadie discute (de acuerdo, esto es matizable) fueron ampliamente debatidos (quiero decir batallados, guerreados).

Precisamente este problema, en ese lejano tiempo y aquel desconocido lugar, es lo que exploran en un reciente  paper.

Título. Coevolution of farming and private property during the early Holocene.


The advent of farming around 12 millennia ago was a cultural as well as technological revolution, requiring a new system of property rights. Among mobile hunter–gatherers during the late Pleistocene, food was almost certainly widely shared as it was acquired. If a harvested crop or the meat of a domesticated animal were to have been distributed to other group members, a late Pleistocene would-be farmer would have had little incentive to engage in the required investments in clearing, cultivation, animal tending, and storage. However, the new property rights that farming required—secure individual claims to the products of one’s labor—were infeasible because most of the mobile and dispersed resources of a forager economy could not cost-effectively be delimited and defended. The resulting chicken-and-egg puzzle might be resolved if farming had been much more productive than foraging, but initially it was not. Our model and simulations explain how, despite being an unlikely event, farming and a new system of farming-friendly property rights nonetheless jointly emerged when they did. This Holocene revolution was not sparked by a superior technology. It occurred because possession of the wealth of farmers—crops, dwellings, and animals—could be unambiguously demarcated and defended. This facilitated the spread of new property rights that were advantageous to the groups adopting them. Our results thus challenge unicausal models of historical dynamics driven by advances in technology, population pressure, or other exogenous changes. Our approach may be applied to other technological and institutional revolutions such as the 18th- and 19th-century industrial revolution and the information revolution today.


Quizás sorprenda a alguno que algo tan natural cómo los derechos de propiedad sobre la tierra y sus frutos fuese una innovación social en su momento.  Sin embargo cómo nada hay de natural en ningún derecho de propiedad, nada hay que pueda dar pie a la sorpresa.


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